Ammer, Christine. 1999. Fighting Words: From War, Rebellion, and Other Combative Capers. Lincolnwood, Ill.: NTC Pub. Group.
———. 1989. It's Raining Cats and Dogs--and Other Beastly Expressions. 1st ed. New York: Paragon House.
Assinder, Nick. 2003. Blair Battles “Poodle” Jibes. BBC News Online. Accessed Jul 8 2003 from http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/2721513.stm.
Associated Press. 2004. Ozzy the Hero Dog's Bark Saves Courthouse. Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Feb 4. Accessed from http://www.ajc.com/news/content/news/ap/ap_story.html/National/AP.V8457.AP-Hero-Dog.html.
Barthes, Roland. 1972. Mythologies. New York: Hill and Wang.
Budiansky, Stephen. 2002. Dog's Best Friend. New York Times, Dec 5, 11.
———. 2001. The Truth About Dogs. New York: Penguin Books.
Celious, Aaron K. 2002. How “Bitch” Became a Good Thing -- or, at Least Not That Bad. African American Research Perspectives vol. 8 (no. 2):pp. 90-96.
Clutton-Brock, Juliet. 1994. The Unnatural World: Behavioural Aspects of Humans and Animals in the Process of Domestication. In Animals and Human Society: Changing Perspectives, edited by A. Manning and J. Serpell. London: Routledge.
Darwin, Charles. 1981. The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Day, Alfred Ely. 1979. Dog. In The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, edited by G. W. Bromiley. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W.B. Eerdmans.
Dowd, Maureen. 2002. Attack of the Calico Clones. New York Times, Feb 17, 11.
Evans, E. P. 1906. The Criminal Prosecution and Capital Punishment of Animals. London: W. Heinemann.
Fairclough, Norman. 2001. Language and Power. 2nd ed. Harlow, Eng., New York: Longman.
Halverson, John. 1976. Animal Categories and Terms of Abuse. Man 11:505-516.
Haraway, Donna. 2003. The Companion Species Manifesto : Dogs, People, and Significant Otherness. 1st ed. ed. Chicago, Ill.: Prickly Paradigm Press.
Haraway, Donna, Thomas Laqueur, and Paul Rabinow. 2003. From Cyborgs to Companion Species: Dogs, People and Technoculture, Sep 16-17, at Berkeley, Calif.
Joreen, and Know Inc. 1970. The Bitch Manifesto. Special Collections Library, Duke University. Accessed August 30 2001 from http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/wlm/bitch/.
Katz, Jon. 2003. The New Work of Dogs: Tending to Life, Love, and Family. 1st ed. New York: Villard.
Knoll, Elizabeth. 1997. Dogs, Darwinism, and English Sensibilities. In Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes and Animals, edited by R. W. Mitchell, N. S. Thompson and H. L. Miles. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press.
Kovary, Robin. 1999. Taming the Dominant Dog. American Dog Trainers Network. Accessed Sept 7 2001 from http://www.inch.com/~dogs/taming.html.
Leach, Edmund. 1964. Anthropological Aspects of Language: Animal Categories and Verbal Abuse. In New Directions in the Study of Language, edited by E. H. Lennenberg. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
MacDonald, D.W., and G.M. Carr. 1995. Variation in Dog Society: Between Resource Dispersion and Social Flux. In The Domestic Dog, edited by J. Serpell. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mathabane, Mark. 2002. The Cycle of Revenge Can Be Broken. New York Times, July 5, 2002, A21.
Moore, Claire. 2001. Murder by Canine: When Dogs Kill, Can the Owners Be Charged with a Crime? ABCNews.com. ABCNews Internet Ventures. Accessed Feb 6 2004 from http://abcnews.go.com/sections/us/DailyNews/dogattack010209.html.
Mullin, Molly H. 1999. Mirrors and Windows: Sociocultural Studies of Human-Animal Relationships. Annual Review of Anthropology 28:201-223.
Rindos, David. 1984. The Origins of Agriculture: An Evolutionary Perspective. Orlando: Academic Press.
Seelye, Kathrine Q. 1999. Adviser Pushes Gore to Be Leader of the Pack. New York Times, Nov 1, A8.
Serpell, James. 1995. From Paragon to Pariah: Some Reflections on Human Attitudes to Dogs. In The Domestic Dog, edited by J. Serpell. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
———. 1995. The Hair of the Dog. In The Domestic Dog, edited by J. Serpell. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Singer, Peter. 2002. Animal Liberation. 1st Ecco paperback ed. New York: Ecco.
Skinner, Bruce, ed. 1997. Dog Quotes. A Breed Apart: Advising and Entertaining Greyhound Owners Worldwide 2 (12). Accessed Apr 1 2001 from http://www.abap.org/dogquote.htm.
Smitherman, Geneva. 1994. Black Talk: Words and Phrases from the Hood to the Amen Corner. Boston: Houghton MIfflin.
Stanley, Alessandra. 2001. These Days, Press Secretary Toes a Narrower Line. New York Times, Oct 30, B6.
Stibbe, Arran. 2003. As Charming as a Pig: The Discursive Constrution of the Relationship between Pigs and Humans. Society & Animals 4 (4):375-392.
Valentine, James. 1998. Naming the Other: Power, Politeness and the Inflation of Euphemism. Sociological Research Online 3 (4). Accessed Apr 18 2008 from http://www.socresonline.org.uk/3/4/7.html.
Vilà, Carles, Jesús E. Maldanado Savolainen, Isabel R. Amorim, John E. Rice, Rodney L. Honeycutt, Keith A Crandall, Joakim Lundeberg, and Robert K. Wayne. 1997. Multiple and Ancient Origins of the Domestic Dog. Science 276:1687-1689.